dry needling

Dry needling is a treatment technique whereby a sterile, single-use, fine filament needle (acupuncture needle) is inserted into the muscle to assist with decreasing pain and improving function through the release of myofascial trigger points (knots in muscle). This innovative approach is particularly beneficial for athletes, individuals with repetitive strain injuries, or those suffering from chronic conditions like arthritis. By targeting specific areas that are causing discomfort or limited mobility, dry needling offers a path to recovery that complements traditional medical treatments. Patients often report significant improvement in their symptoms, including reduced pain, increased range of motion, and a faster return to daily activities or sports.


It is not the same as acupuncture, although there are similarities between the two techniques. The main difference with acupuncture is the theory behind why the methods work. This method is primarily focused on the reduction of pain and restoration of function through the release of myofascial trigger points in the muscle. In comparison, acupuncture focuses on the treatment of medical conditions by restoring the flow of energy (Qi) through critical points in the body (meridians) to restore balance. Dry needling’s science-based approach is grounded in anatomy and physiology, offering a targeted method for addressing musculoskeletal pain and dysfunction directly at its source.


Dry needling is a meticulously performed procedure that relies on the detailed knowledge physical therapists have of the body’s musculature and neural pathways. The technique’s effectiveness is significantly enhanced when the practitioner has a deep understanding of the specific areas likely to develop trigger points, based on the patient’s medical history, lifestyle, and physical activities. This precision allows for targeted therapy that addresses the root cause of discomfort, rather than just treating symptoms.

Once the needle is inserted into the affected muscle, it seeks to elicit a twitch response—a brief contraction of the muscle fiber, which is a key indicator of a successful trigger point intervention. This response is critical as it leads to the immediate relaxation of the muscle, facilitating a decrease in pain and an improvement in function. The process can sometimes cause a momentary sensation, which patients often describe as a minor discomfort followed by a significant relief of pain.

The technique’s ability to reach deeper layers of muscle and connective tissue, which are often inaccessible through conventional massage or physical therapy techniques, sets dry needling apart as a powerful tool in the treatment of chronic pain conditions. Furthermore, by improving blood flow to the targeted area, dry needling helps to flush out toxins and encourages the healing of inflamed tissues, thereby supporting the body’s natural healing processes.

Dry needling is also known for its role in enhancing rehabilitation efforts, as it can restore mobility and function more rapidly than many other treatments. This is particularly beneficial for athletes or individuals recovering from surgery who are eager to return to their usual levels of physical activity. In addition, the practice of integrating dry needling with a comprehensive treatment plan—including exercises, manual therapy, and education—ensures a holistic approach to patient care, emphasising not just recovery but also long-term health and prevention of future injuries.

In choosing a practitioner for dry needling, it is essential to select someone who is not only qualified but also has a wealth of experience in treating conditions similar to yours. The combination of skill, knowledge, and the right approach can make a significant difference in the outcomes of this therapeutic intervention.